5G HealthCare

Smart healthcare with public/private 5G networks

How 5G is transforming healthcare industry?

Smart healthcare integrates the different fragments of healthcare delivery mechanisms bringing much more coordination and ease of access to healthcare providers, their systems, patients, and the wider healthcare ecosystem. Technology enablement, faster connectivity, digitalization, and automation are changing the way patients are treated. Telehealth, remote care, and remote monitoring technology connecting patients and doctors are driving the change making healthcare “SMART.”

In today’s world, across countries and demographics, traditional healthcare is not sufficient to accommodate the health welfare need of each citizen. The emergence of Covid-19 drew a very bleak picture where excellent health infrastructure and access to cutting-edge medical technologies and services couldn’t prevent healthcare organizations from being overwhelmed.  We now see a conscious effort to shrink a tech gap and one of the key factors accelerating it is the adoption of new-age communication technologies driven by 5G and IoT. The emergence of 5G not only helped to boost mobile connectivity but opened doors of innovation and change in the health Industry, making it smart and agile to respond to changing dynamics.  

Below are sample smart healthcare applications that can benefit from 5G technology.

Wearable biosensors and healthcare IoT devices

The usage of devices such as smartwatches, fitbits, biosensors, and connected inhalers is a growing trend that provides healthcare professionals access to the patient’s health condition in real-time and enables proactive decisions based on data trends. 5G networks, with their capability to support higher bandwidth, can enable larger blocks of data transfer, better connectivity of devices, and larger no of reliable connections. Healthcare organizations can leverage this to provide unrestricted remote monitoring.

 

Remote care and telemedicine

Telemedicine and remote care have picked up more after Covid-19 and are one the ways that have driven innovation and technology adoption in healthcare. Telemedicine can work effectively if that is backed by a network that is near real-time and supports high-quality video. Adding a high-speed, low-latency 5G network will enable speed and exponential computing at the edge by moving data processors near to the user. This will enhance the reach of healthcare professionals.   

 

Connected emergency response

Connected healthcare systems can be a defining factor between life and death. Sharing of data between patients and health staff in real-time, among ambulances, first responders, and emergency departments have changed the way patients are treated. 5G will help enable a greater exchange of highly secure data by implementing encryption algorithms. 5G, which supports ultra-low latency, will drive this connected response. It will also help in transferring large images of patients’ medical records in milliseconds.

 

Smart hospital management

Smart hospital management helps doctor access digital systems to know about the availability of beds, devices, and operational data. Real-time tracking can help improve the real-time decision-making process. 5G will accelerate the evolution of hospital management by providing care closer to the patients and hence reducing the footfall for hospitals. It will support decentralizing the healthcare model by introducing outpatient surgery care, urgent care center, and walk-in clinics. The high capacity and low latency of 5G will help in implementing remote procedures and further automation of medical procedures.

 

Augmented and virtual reality in healthcare

5G will eventually open a stream of opportunities to use augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) to care for patients and to train healthcare staff. 

 

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Virgin Media O2 deploys private 5G network for NHS hospitals in the UK

Virgin Media O2 Business has switched on the UK’s first 5G-connected hospital with South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust – a provider of mental health services in the United Kingdom. The switch-on is part of Maudsley Digital Lab’s series of digital health and innovation trials funded by NHS Digital, with the private 5G network providing dedicated connectivity for mission-critical digital health use cases for both clinicians and patients. The trials are investigating the efficiency, safety, and security benefits of using smart, 5G-connected technologies in NHS hospitals – including IoT (Internet of Things), AR (Augmented Reality), and AI (Artificial Intelligence). The Maudsley Smart Hospital and Maudsley Smart Pharmacy trials are now live across two wards at Bethlem Royal Hospital in South London. These include dedicated, near-real-time connectivity to power e-Observations, where clinicians use handheld devices to update patient records, saving valuable time and improving accuracy. It will also link up smart devices and remote monitoring to reduce expensive medicine waste and track the air quality inwards. In addition, hospital IT teams will have access to expert maintenance support in other hospitals thanks to Remote Expert (an AR tool), while the Trust will be able to better plan space in public areas using Spatial Insights, which uses AI to provide anonymized heat maps of crowd movement analysis using CCTV footage. Part of South London and Maudsley’s Digital Lab portfolio of digital health and innovation trials, the trial is a collaborative development between South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, NHS Digital, Virgin Media O2 Business, Bruhati, and Nokia. Read More >>

 

5G smart hospital to improve Thailand's healthcare system

Thailand has launched the “Siriraj World Class 5G Smart Hospital,” billed as the region’s first and largest 5G smart hospital to improve Thailand’s healthcare system. This new digital health center in Bangkok will include several cutting-edge digital health solutions. The Hospital will be promoted to become a template for smart hospitals in Thailand and around the globe. The Siriraj hospital has been jointly unveiled by the Office of the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC), and Huawei Technologies (Thailand). It is intended to provide an efficient and convenient experience through 5G, artificial intelligence, multi-access edge computing, and a hybrid cloud system. Thailand has been working toward 5G deployment in the healthcare sector. The Thai government has announced Thailand Health Data Space 5G, a 5G-based intelligent medical information and full-service system. The goal of the 5G-based initiative is to improve the country’s healthcare system across dimensions such as hospital information transmission, diagnosis, follow-up, remote monitoring, rehabilitation, and emergency care to deliver a more efficient and pleasant visit for patients.  Read More >>

 

SK Telecom's 5G-powered robot for responding to coronavirus

SK Telecom and Omron Electronics Korea have jointly developed a  5G-powered autonomous robot for responding against coronavirus in a systematic and efficient way. The 5G-autonomous robot leverages technologies such as 5G, AI, autonomous driving, and IoT to carry out diverse activities such as:

  • Contactless temperature screenings for visitors
  • Disinfection of the building
  • Scanning for people not wearing masks
  • Identify locations where people are gathered to stress the importance of social distancing 

Read More >>

 

Remote diagnosis of coronavirus

China TelecomZTE, and West China Hospital of Sichuan University conducted remote diagnosis of the coronavirus via 5G based remote video consultation. According to the on-site situation, ZTE has employed its CPE equipment to commission 5G services by means of outdoor 5G signals while constructing indoor coverage points. After the 5G network was commissioned, Sichuan health and health commission, West China Hospital, and Chengdu Public Health Clinic Center conducted remote video consultations. In accordance with the work arrangement of the Sichuan Health and Health Commission, the 5G remote consultation for telehealth will take West China Hospital of Sichuan University as the central node and be the first batch to access 27 hospitals that have accepted and treated patients. Read More >>

 

BT and NHS's remote diagnosis procedure using 5G connected ambulance

British Telecom (BT) and University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust (UHB)  demonstrated UK’s first remote diagnostic procedure using a 5G connected ambulance. This use case demonstrates how technology such as 5G, augmented reality, virtual reality, and robotics can be combined with clinical expertise to enable remote diagnostics and link field practitioners with surgeons or consultants in real-time. Wearing a specially equipped VR headset, the clinician is able to visualize exactly what the paramedic sees in the ambulance. Using a joystick, they are then able to remotely direct the paramedic in real-time to perform any necessary scans, as well as get close-up footage of the wounds and injuries of a patient. The clinician does this by speaking to the paramedic to look in a particular direction or, in the case of a scan, sends control signals over the live 5G network to a robotic or ‘haptic’ glove worn by the paramedic. The glove creates small vibrations that direct the paramedic’s hand to where the clinician wants the ultrasound sensor to be moved. This allows the clinician to remotely control the sensor position whilst seeing the images in real time. Read More >>

 

AT&T and Austin Cancer Center are transmitting large imaging files

AT&T and Austin Cancer Center are leveraging 5G for quickly transmitting large imaging files. MRI, CAT, or PET scans and other image machines are typically very large files and often must be sent to a specialist for review. When the network is low on bandwidth, the transmission can take a long time or not send successfully. This means the patient waits even longer for treatment, and providers can see fewer patients in the same amount of time. Adding a high-speed 5G network to existing architectures can help quickly and reliably transport huge data files of medical imagery, which can improve both access to care and the quality of care. Read More >>

 

AT&T and Vitas healthcare trial virtual reality for hospice patients 

AT&T and VITAS® Healthcare, the nation’s leading provider of end-of-life care, have launched a study that intends to combine 5G with virtual reality and augmented reality (VR and AR) to test if it can help reduce chronic pain and anxiety for certain hospice patients. The study aims to assess a potential alternative therapy that is easier for caregivers to implement at a time and place that makes the patient most comfortable during this most difficult time. In addition, this mobile solution using immersive technology is a good use case for testing the potential for 5G speeds and low latency to help patients and families in need. The study evaluates multiple aspects, including patient feedback, VR and AR content effectiveness, and technology delivery options. The first module will focus on the effect of the content on enhancing a patient’s comfort level through the VR and AR experience. For example, to help calm an anxious patient, they might take a virtual walk through a field along a tranquil stream or even a journey to Machu Picchu in Peru. Read More >>

 

Remote-controlled ultrasound scan over public 5G network

British Telecom (BT)University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust (UHB), Medical Devices Testing and Evaluation Centre (MD-TEC)WM5G, and jointly demonstrated remote-controlled ultrasound scan over public 5G network. The demonstration simulates a paramedic in the field performing an ultrasound scan on a patient under the remote guidance of a clinician who is able to interpret the ultrasound image in real time. The ultrasound sensor is manipulated locally by the paramedic under the remote direction of the clinician. This is done using a joystick operated remotely by the clinician, which sends control signals over the live 5G network to a robotic or ‘haptic’ glove worn by the paramedic. The glove creates small vibrations that direct the paramedic’s hand to where the clinician wants the ultrasound sensor to be moved. This allows the clinician to remotely control the sensor position whilst seeing the ultrasound images in real-time.

In addition, there is a camera in the ambulance which transmits in high definition a view of the inside of the ambulance covering the patient and paramedic to a second screen located on the clinician’s workstation. The images are relayed over a high-bandwidth 5G connection, so the clinician is able to view both the ultrasound examination performed by the paramedic and keep an eye on the overall scene inside the ambulance. The superfast speeds of 5G ensure sharper and more reliable imagery for the clinician than could previously be achieved. Read More >>

 

Telefonica O2 and Samsung trials 5G smart ambulance for remote consultation

Telefonica O2 partnered with SamsungVisionable, and Launchcloud for the trial of 5G smart ambulance use case enabling remote consultation. This project equips standard ambulances with state-of-the-art devices and connectivity, creating a “Smart Ambulance” that simulates 5G connectivity, transforming the vehicle into a unique remote consultation room. This enables paramedics to conduct onboard treatments through mobile expert consultation. It can empower paramedics to treat more people with more ailments than currently possible and ease the strain on hospital resources by reducing the number of patients taken to the hospital. The trial simulates an emergency call-out, allowing paramedics to conduct checks, collect data, and communicate with consultants remotely using onboard equipment. The paramedics are able to diagnose patients and recommend the appropriate treatment and next actions. Read More >>

 

Ooredoo Qatar and Ericsson trials 5G connected ambulance for remote patient assessment

Ooredoo Qatar, partnered with Ericsson and demonstrated remote patient assessment and ultrasound procedure inside a 5G connected ambulance using a special haptic glove controlled by a doctor remotely using a specially designed joystick. This use case provided a glimpse into how doctors could provide remote assistance to treat patients in movable vehicles. Paramedics will continue to use ambulances to attend medical emergencies as they do now, but – with the new technology in the 5G-connected ambulance – they will then be able to assess the patient using a special haptic glove that is controlled by the doctor remotely using a specially designed joystick. Ooredoo’s 5G networks will enable information gathered to be sent to the doctor, wherever they are, so they can then offer diagnosis and treatment advice without the patient ever coming into physical contact with the doctor. Read More >>

 

Inquire about our "5G for Healthcare" research report for additional industry use cases.

Some of the 5G characteristics that are key to enabling healthcare-related applications include:

  • High Throughput Capacity - up to 10 Gigabits/second, e.g., for transmitting real-time patient info to ER
  • Ultra-Low Latency - roundtrip latency under 10 msec
  • High Reliability - 99.999% availability, e.g., critical in emergency responses as well as user experience
  • Massive Connectivity - 100x more connected devices/unit area (compared to 4G), e.g., for healthcare wearables and remote monitoring
  • Better Coverage - by reaching challenging locations, e.g., for remote patient consultations, telehealth
  • Better User Mobility - Up to 500 km/hour, e.g., efficient signaling for a connected ambulance
  • High Battery Life - 90% reduction in energy usage, e.g., for remote patient monitoring or AR/VR, assisted training

While the patient remains at the center, the 5G healthcare ecosystem is a rapidly expanding industry of new entrants. Suppliers from verticals in the device, biotech, and pharma manufacturing, to network and equipment manufacturing, system integration and maintenance, to test, measurement, and validation of 5G networks. As you see in the below diagram, the circle is broadening to touch all aspects of the patient’s journey backed by 5G. As wearable connected devices increase in healthcare to facilitate remote care, the need for seamless connectivity and mobility encompasses new entrants into the healthcare ecosystem on a much larger scale than previously.

With the above-mentioned broader landscape for ecosystem players, the care model is evolving and bringing about additional challenges or “opportunities” for the adoption of 5G in health care. Thus, bringing together new parts of businesses, consortiums, and working groups to convene on global naming conventions and best practices for evaluation methods. The expanded list of stakeholders is faced with building the needed infrastructure, security, and governance relative to the complexities of healthcare and PHI. Some of the related challenges associated with smart healthcare systems include:

  • Privacy standards and data security - historical health records contain very sensitive personal information. 5G wireless technology must ensure strict privacy standards in the health care industry, e.g., HIPAA
  • Security concerns - ensuring end-to-end security of data across mobile, IoT devices & network
  • 5G compatible devices - availability of 5G compatible devices supporting current health care applications
  • 5G network coverage - although 5G has been rolled out for a few years now, it is not widely available across remote and rural areas in developed countries and is still in the process of rolling out in developing countries
  • Healthcare organization technology upgrade - infrastructure, applications, and devices need to be upgraded for 5G
  • Data Accuracy - healthcare providers, will rely on the data shared by the devices. The accuracy of data plays a very important role in proper diagnosis since incorrect or unauthenticated data can impact the treatment.
  • Interoperability of data - data can be stored in different formats across different devices. For proper processing of the data, it is highly imperative that some standardization of data is maintained across different formats

Also, there is the need to answer the obvious question of Who pays for what? When it comes to building the infrastructure in remote areas for rural access costs.

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