What is a private network? What is a private 5G network?

A private network is a dedicated network for an enterprise designed exclusively to meet its specific business needs. The enterprise has full control of the dedicated network. It enables them to restrict network access to authorized people and devices as well as process the enterprise data locally via the edge cloud, ensuring enterprise security and data privacy.
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What is a private network?

A private network is a dedicated network for an enterprise designed exclusively to meet its specific business needs. The enterprise has full control of the dedicated network. It enables them to restrict network access to authorized people and devices as well as process the enterprise data locally via the edge cloud, ensuring enterprise security and data privacy.

As enterprises initiate their digital transformation journey, they need to connect many devices and applications and process the data generated by them in real-time or near real-time. Sample devices and applications that enterprises need to connect on their private network include automated guided vehicles, sensors, drones, augmented reality/virtual reality devices, or wearables, in addition to the traditional devices such as smartphones and desktops. Also, read “Holistic private network solutions.

These connected devices and applications on the private enterprise network demand guaranteed quality of service, i.e., reliable connectivity, low latency, high mobility, high-density support, data privacy, and security. The traditional connectivity options such as wired ethernet and WiFi have limitations in meeting the enterprise connectivity requirements. Ethernet connectivity though cheap has mobility constraints and requires enterprises to invest in factory remodeling. WiFi limits the number of connections on the access point, in addition to interference and unpredictable latency.

Hence, the need for wireless technology such as LTE/4G or 5G for enterprise private network connectivity.

 


 

What is a private 5G network?

Private 5G network is a dedicated private network that uses 5G technology across the enterprise site for communication. The 5G wireless technology provides enterprises with ultra-high reliability (99.999%), low latency (less than ten milliseconds), ability to connect more than one million devices per square kilometer, full mobility, security with 5G SIM and support service-specific SLAs with network slicing.

In comparison to 5G, 4G/LTE technology has limitations as it supports only one gigabyte per second, hundred-thousand connections per square kilometer, and lacks ultra-high reliability. Hence, depending on the enterprise use case need, either 5G or 4G/LTE technology may be the right private network option.

Also, read “Unraveling the dynamics of private 5G networks” for additional info.


 

Private 5G Benefits for the Enterprises

  • Better network coverage & capacity – Enterprises get dedicated capacity & guaranteed coverage by deploying their own private networks. 
  • Deterministic performance – The spectrum is dedicated to the private networks’ geographical area, thereby guaranteeing service quality and ultra-reliable performance.
  • Security & data privacy – There is a full separation of private networks from wider public networks. Enterprise data stays within the enterprise premises. Only authorized devices & people can connect to the private network. 5G SIM & mutual authentication further add to the increased security. Also, read “Securing 5G+ Edge Application
  • Low latency with edge computing – Private 5G networks with cloud & edge computing enable enterprise applications requiring ultra-reliable low latency communication (URLLC) by processing the data where it is generated.
  • High density & scalability – The dedicated private 5G network ensures the connection of up to a million devices per square kilometer within the enterprise premises over a single network.
  • Flexibility – The 5G wireless connectivity enables enterprises to place/move their factory devices & equipment as needed without the planning & construction cost related to the cabled networks.
  • Full Control – The enterprises have full control of their private network and hence can quickly & efficiently respond to any changes needed to address their business needs.

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